Health in All Policies

Transparent Richmond

The City has implemented a variety of programs and strategies to adopt a Health in all Policies approach following a community development process in 2012. To track ongoing progress toward health equity, improve community awareness and benefits from HiAP, and broaden the scope and depth of beneficial impacts on population health, the City Manager's Office published the Health in All Policies Landing Page on Transparent Richmond, the City's open data website, in October 2022.

Please visit the new Health in All Policies open data webpage on Transparent Richmond today to learn more about the strategic intervention areas that the HiAP program focuses on, the key findings of the most recent Progress Report, the recommended next steps developed from the progress report, and case studies that highlight the need for and importance of Health in All Policies.

HiAP Transparent Richmond

Health in All Policies (HiAP) Progress Report

The Health in All Policies (HiAP) ordinance and strategy was passed in 2014 to address health inequities in the City of Richmond by implementing the Richmond General Plan policies and actions. Health in All Policies , or “healthy public policy,” is based on the idea that health starts with where people live, work, learn, and play, and that community health is influenced by more than individual choices. One’s physical and social environments, along with local government decisions and actions that shape these environments, have an impact on health outcomes. HiAP is an over-arching framework to guide city policy, practices, and partnerships that promote health and well-being for all residents. 

The HiAP progress report focuses on six intervention areas and initiatives driven by City Departments and Community Based Organizations. The report identifies metrics through program and department activities, population health indicators, and community perception of services and living conditions in Richmond. The progress report uses the following methods for evaluation: interviews and focus groups, review of local health data, and survey data analysis.

September 29, 2020 Staff Report
HiAP Progress Report
2019 HiAP Progress Report

Health in All Policies (HiAP) Report

RICHMOND, California – The City of Richmond continues its leadership in working towards health equity with the release of its first Health in All Policies (HiAP) Report. The HiAP Report is a recap of the influence and progress of Richmond’s Health in All Policies ordinance and strategy and identifies how it will continue to grow over the next decade (R.M.C 9.15). It also tells three narratives of how the many efforts in Richmond – of the City, residents and organizations – are combining to impact core health concerns of residents.

After a community development process that began in 2012, the first step for the City of Richmond in this process was to begin speaking the language of health equity and to understand the suite of City services, programs, data collection and policy development that could be coordinated to promote health equity.

HiAP Report
Amended RMC Chapter 9.15 HiAP. Adopted: December 15, 2015


Richmond Adopts a Health in All Policies (HiAP) Strategy and Ordinance!

The City of Richmond continues its leadership in working towards health equity exemplified by the recent adoption of a Health in All Polices (HiAP) strategy and ordinance by the Richmond City Council. The HiAP strategy sets a framework of collaboration within city departments as well as with community based organizations and other government agencies to address community health, equity and sustainability in Richmond. Through this lens, Health in All Policies is both a practice and destination.

April 18, 2014

HiAP Strategy and Ordinance Adoption Full Press Release
HiAP Strategy Document 
HiAP Ordinance
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Health in All Policies or “healthy public policy” is based on the idea that health starts with where people live, work, learn, and play and that individual and community health is influenced by more than just individual choices. One’s physical and psychosocial environment, culture, government, etc. all play a role in influencing and determining both individual and population health. Health in All Policies (HiAP) is the integrated and comprehensive approach to bring health, well-being, and equity considerations into the development and implementation of policies, programs, and services of traditionally non-health related government systems or agencies.
HiAP is premised on the following:
  1. Health starts long before illness and before you reach a hospital or doctor’s office
  2. Health starts in our families, in our schools and workplaces, in our communities
  3. Your neighborhood, school or job should not be hazardous to your health
  4. All Richmond residents should have the opportunity to make the choices that allow them to live a long, healthy life, regardless of their job, neighborhood of residence, level of education, immigration status, sexual orientation, or ethnic background
  5. City government can and does influence health in many of its decisions and Departments

For presentations and other background materials on Richmond's HiAP initiative please click here or see below: 
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The HiAP concept recognizes that the causes of health disparities and the resulting health inequities are the consequence of a variety of social factors that include income inequality, economic forces, education quality, environmental conditions, individual health behavior choice, and access to health care. Health disparities are not fair, nor are they inevitable.

This concept acknowledges that all city departments impact health, even those we do not traditionally consider as conducting health-related work. Richmond’s
Health in All Policies Strategy is being developed as a collaborative approach with the goal of improving health equity by addressing the social determinants of health and integrating health into the decision making process across all departments of the City.

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Adapted from NACCHO.

Cumulative Stress

A driving theory behind the HiAP Strategy is that the cumulative impact on the body of multiple stressors is a key driver that explains the persistence of poor health outcomes disproportionately afflicting people of color in Richmond. Thus, Richmond’s HiAP Strategy may take a multidimensional and integrated approach to reducing the cumulative stressors that occur from an early age and throughout life in the most vulnerable Richmond neighborhoods. By focusing on cumulative stressors, we hope to reduce the occurrence of many chronic illnesses and premature mortality for Richmond residents who are currently experiencing health disparities.
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Source: Professor Jason Corburn, University of California, Berkeley

HiAP Resources

Richmond Health Equity Partnership (RHEP): HiAP Subcommittee Resources

All resources related to the RHEP HiAP Subcommittee and community engagement resources can be found at the Richmond Health Equity Partnership Resource page.

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HiAP in other Counties, States and Countries

California HiAP: California Health in All Policies Task Force California Health in All Policies Task Force Publications 
Executive Order S-04-10 
Strategic Growth Council HiAP Recommendations 
Multnomah County, Oregon: Health Equity Initiative Multnomah Health Equity Initiative, Full Report 2009
Multnomah County Health Department Strategic Plan FY 2010-2014
Multnomah Health Homes Policy Toolkit

King County, Washington: Equity and Justice
King County Timeline and Process 
King County Equity and Social Justice Ordinance 16984

HiAP in other Countries: Finland: HiAP Governance Tools and Framework
South Australia: Strategic Plan 2007